Industrial structures are divided into two categories of steel warehouses and steel structures. Warehouses are merely a part of industrial structures and there are many differences between a warehouse in terms of design, construction, installation, and implementation with constructional structures and industrial structures. As you may know, warehouses are usually built to be used as storages, factories, airplane hangars, convention centers, stadiums, etc. One of the so many reasons such structures are built rapidly, is construction at the highest level of accuracy and quality, fast installation of connections, high durability, the possibility to expand the structure, convenient transportation, and quick assembly and disassembly.
Steel industrial structures normally have different types which are built as one or two-floor structures with a big entrance and a steep roof. The height of such structures is enough to allow the installation of overhead cranes.
The bodies of the industrial structures are commonly similar to each other, this resemblance goes back to the use of these structures which usually are grand factories with overhead cranes, aircraft hangers, centers, and warehouses. There are no pillars or columns in such structures, and the existing ones generally have a great distance between them.
When the pillars and columns are too far from each other in a steel structure, it should be carefully designed and engineered to withstand the load and weight using only the two main pillars. In our country, industrial structures such as warehouses are constructed in a one-floor format and some other structures in a two-floor one. As a result, the warehouse can be only a part of a steel structure designed and constructed for another purpose.
In some cases, the extent of the height of the steel structure is so great that the load and weight of the structure cannot be controlled by merely two columns. Therefore, in some large industrial structures, there might be a row of columns inside the structure instead of only two of them, accordingly, the structure would need two wide spans as well.
Industrial structures are usually designed and constructed for certain tasks and goals in different industries. The industrial structures have various types, but generally, they are divided into the following groups:
Transmission structures: These structures can include canals and pipelines to install the electrical system and distribution network to transfer raw materials, and even the transmission towers lines and telecommunication line posts can also be among the transmission structures. In some cases, even light towers and chimneys are also placed in the same category.
Oil, Gas and fluid industry: Structures used for air conditioning centers or water discharge as well as water and gas supply structures such as bunkers, storage tanks and finally industrial structures such as silos, pressure tanks, stilling basin, cooling towers, and water distribution systems fall into the same category of industrial structures.
Supporting structures_ shelters, and maintenance of manufacture and foundation machinery: The main purpose of these types of structures is to support the main structure. Such equipment and foundations are constructed to install important and essential industrial devices.
Transportation structures: Overpasses, crane establishment platforms, water passages, and even the loading and unloading docks in warehouses are considered transformational structures.